Gladys Nilsson (b.1940, Chicago, USA) studied painting at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, 1958-62. In 1973, Nilsson was among the first women to have a solo exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art (New York, USA.) She lives and works in Chicago.


Gladys Nilsson first came to prominence in 1966, as a member of a group of graduates (Jim Nutt, Suellen Rocca, Karl Wirsum, Art Green and Jim Falconer) who exhibited under the moniker Hairy Who at Chicago’s Hyde Park Art Centre. Despite only exhibiting together for three years from 1966-69, their shows are now cited as the first defining moments of Chicago Imagism. The group are enjoying a recent resurgence of interest, with a blockbuster exhibition at the Art Institute Chicago, Hairy Who? (2018, IL, USA) and HOW CHICAGO! IMAGISTS 1960s & 70s which opens 15 March 2019 at Goldsmiths Centre for Contemporary Arts (London, UK).


The Hairy Who were six individuals with their own personal figurative style who were united by their education, their sense of humour, a vast knowledge of art history and their use of source material including comics, tattoo design and circus ephemera. More than a series of group shows, the exhibitions were progressive and challenged traditional modes of presentation in the installation, catalogues and posters. The Hairy Who left a long-lasting impression on the art world, reaching cult status, and are revered by many artists including Peter Doig, Jeff Koons and Kerry James Marshall.


Gladys Nilsson’s work is masterfully executed in vibrant watercolour, characterised by densely constructed compositions, in which figures press up against the picture plane. A unique application of watercolour- a medium with which Nilsson has become synonymous - began in the 1960s as a safer alternative to oil paint whilst pregnant. Her dedication to painting was not impeded, and her skill and success with watercolour made it her medium of choice from then on, with the artist not returning to work on canvas. In the early 1990s she began to experiment with collage and watercolour, which has since become another significant area of her practice.


Nilsson's works, enlivened with playful narratives, begin in the real world - a self-proclaimed voyeur, the artist looks closely at human interactions which she transforms into a universe of her own creation. From a blue-collar background, Nilsson thinks there is a lot to be said for simply getting through the day, stating that ‘I like to celebrate small things.’ Monumentalising the humdrum, Nilsson plots big moments and absurd twists for her idiosyncratic characters - favouring humour over realism, limbs unnaturally contort and curve. Unencumbered by the rules of gravity, scale or proportion, figures of varying sizes fill the frame. Drawing inspiration from fine art and mass culture, the artist attributes rapid scale change to both an appreciation for Renaissance altarpieces and growing up with the Sears catalogue which formatted clothing advertisements with a large image alongside smaller images of all the available colours.


Nilsson’s work has been featured in numerous solo and group exhibitions at prestigious institutions: including 16 solo shows at Phyllis Kind Gallery between 1970-1994 Chicago, IL and New York, NY, USA; Camden Art Centre, London, UK (1981)­; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, CA, USA (1992); Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI, USA (2014); Art Institute Chicago, IL, USA (2018); National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., USA (2018). Her work can be found in many collections including: the Art Institute of Chicago, IL, USA; the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, CA, USA; Museum Moderne Kunst, Vienna, Austria; the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL, USA; the Museum of Modern Art, NY, USA; the Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA, USA; the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C., USA; the Whitney Museum of American Art, NY, USA; and the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT, USA. In 2019, Nilsson had her debut solo show at Hales London, which coincided with her inclusion in the historic show, How Chicago! Imagists 1960s & 70s, at Golsmiths Centre for Contemporary Arts, UK.


[1] Nilsson, G. in Interview With Gladys Nilsson: Painting Stories, Painting Life (2008) [accessed: 6/12/18]